12. "To-day," rightly used, terminates in the rest which, when once obtained, is never lost ( Revelation 3:12 ). 20:12). FOREWORD The Life Application Bible Commentary series provides verse-by-verse explanation, background, and application for every verse in the New Testament. The argument, though generally applying to anyone who has entered his rest, probably alludes to Jesus in particular, the antitypical Joshua, who, having entered His rest at the Ascension, has ceased or rested from His work of the new creation, as God on the seventh day rested from the work of physical creation. Take My yoke on you . 2. gospel preached . After quoting Heb. Its double power seems to be implied by its being "two-edged." Promises to Smooth a Rough Way. Here is a portion of my new book on Calvinism. Others have concluded that the passage addresses neither observance nor nonobservance of the Sabbath. and of the joints and marrow--rather, "(reaching even TO) both the joints (so as to divide them) and marrow." The Word of God becomes an issue because it tests a person's life and sets the standards of acceptable behavior and attitudes. Man is to enter by faith and obedience into God's completed work for him. Compare "in due time," Romans 5:6 . Seeing then--Having, therefore; resuming Hebrews 2:17 . 4:9 is one of time. Mercy especially refers to the remission and removal of sins; grace, to the saving bestowal of spiritual gifts [ESTIUS]. The Sabbath is a special link with the con summation of the promised rest of God. The work and subsequent rest of God are the archetype to which we should be conformed. God then blessed the day and rested. two-edged--sharpened at both edge and back. Bible students have long disagreed over the meaning of the phrase a rest remains (apoleipetai). The Greek perfect tense implies that this is our continuous state in relation to God. Still the word of God (the same as that preached, Hebrews 4:2 ), used here in the broadest sense, but with special reference to its judicial power, INCLUDES the Word of God, the sword of the Spirit with double edge, one edge for convicting and converting some ( Hebrews 4:2 ), and the other for condemning and destroying the unbelieving ( Hebrews 4:14 ). This verse indirectly establishes the obligation of the Sabbath still; for the type continues until the antitype supersedes it: so legal sacrifices continued till the great antitypical Sacrifice superseded it, As then the antitypical heavenly Sabbath-rest will not be till Christ, our Gospel Joshua, comes, to usher us into it, the typical earthly Sabbath must continue till then. 4. For--justifying and explaining the word "rest," or "Sabbatism," he that is entered--whosoever once enters. Our highest happiness shall, according to this verse, consist in our being united in one with God, and moulded into conformity with Him as our archetype [CALVIN]. fear--not with slavish terror, but godly "fear and trembling" ( Philippians 2:12 ). . The disobedient, instead of being blended in "the same body," separated themselves as Korah: a tacit reproof to like separatists from the Christian assembling together ( Hebrews 10:25 , Jude 1:19 ). Hebrews 4:16 Because God is faithful, the strength to be faithful is promised to us. 1. People by the millions. discerner of the thoughts--Greek, "capable of judging the purposes." 1 Heb. . Though "great" ( Hebrews 4:14 ), He is not above caring for us; nay, as being in all points one with us as to manhood, sin only excepted, He sympathizes with us in every temptation. which marks the latter to be subordinate). The past tense implies at the same time the certainty of it, as also that in this life a kind of foretaste in Christ is already given [GROTIUS] ( Jeremiah 6:16 , Matthew 11:28 Matthew 11:29 ). Listening to the Gospel . . How to enter God’s rest. Today, I believe even more deeply that Hebrews 4 is a most significant passage undergirding the seventh-day Sabbath, but for different reasons. The Book of Hebrews begins with the declaration that while God has spoken in various ways through the Old Testament prophets, He has now spoken fully and finally in His Son (Hebrews 1:1-4). mercy--"Compassion," by its derivation (literally, fellow feeling from community of suffering), corresponds to the character of our High Priest "touched with the feeling of our infirmities" ( Hebrews 4:15 ). 2 For we also have had the good news proclaimed to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because they did not share the faith of those who obeyed. The wandering people of God enter today by faith into the rest of grace, trusting Christ's completed work for them. Hebrews 4:8, ESV: "For if Joshua had given them rest, God would not have spoken of another day later on." ", 10. Salem Media Group. but now still, 11. . If we move forward in faith, He will remove obstacles. and I will give you rest (the rest received on first believing). The Sabbath is a symbol of the deep rest of God we enter now as we wait for the even fuller experience that we will share if we hold fast our confidence and hope firm till the end. 9. therefore--because God "speaks of another day" remaineth--still to be realized hereafter by the "some (who) must enter therein" ( Hebrews 4:6 ), that is, "the people of God," the true Israel who shall enter into God's rest ("My rest," Hebrews 4:3 ). Then as they get into His yoke they find, not idleness, but beautiful, restful activity. not being mixed with faith in them that heard--So the Syriac and the Old Latin Versions, older than any of our manuscripts, and LUCIFER, read, "As the world did not unite with the hearers in faith." The Word's dividing and far penetrating power has both a punitive and a healing effect. Meyer's NT Commentary. The "rest" in Hebrews 4:8 is Greek, "catapausis;" Hebrew, "Noah"; rest from weariness, as the ark rested on Ararat after its tossings to and fro; and as Israel, under Joshua, enjoyed at last rest from war in Canaan. 1. One interpretation sees sabbatismos, together with the illustration from Genesis 2, as a "proof text" for the necessity of observing the seventh-day Sabbath in the New Testament. ALFORD translates, "He that entered into his (or else God's, but rather 'his'; Isaiah 11:10 , 'His rest': 'the joy of the Lord,' Matthew 25:21 Matthew 25:23 ) rest (namely, Jesus, our Forerunner, Hebrews 4:14 , 6:20 , 'The Son of God that is passed through the heavens': in contrast to Joshua the type, who did not bring God's people into the heavenly rest), he himself (emphatical) rested from his works ( Hebrews 4:4 ), as God (did) from His own" (so the Greek, "works"). . of
Verses 4-5: By way of explanation for the statement in verse 3, the writer cites the illustration of the seventh day of creation and quotes (Gen. 2:2). 3 Albert E. Liersch, "Exegesis of Hebrews 3 and 4 With Particular Reference to the Theological Interpretation of the 'Rest' That Remains and the Sabbath as Symbol," unpublished term paper, Andrews University Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary, 1968. Here Paul interrupts the quotation by, "In (the Psalm of) David saying after so long a time (after five hundred years' possession of Canaan)," and resumes it by, "as it has been said before (so the Greek oldest manuscript, before, namely, Hebrews 3:7 Hebrews 3:15 ), To-day if ye hear His voice," &c. [ALFORD]. Isn't tracing "I love you" in wet sand with the big toe of the right foot enough of a ceremony, if a couple is really in love? Scripture by scripture explanation of the book of Hebrews. At Hebrews 4:11 he again, as in Hebrews 3:12-19 already, takes up faith as the indispensable qualification for entering it. Since so many have fallen, we have cause to fear ( Hebrews 3:17-19 ). passed into the heavens--rather, "passed through the heavens," namely, those which come between us and God, the aerial heaven, and that above the latter containing the heavenly bodies, the sun, moon, &c. These heavens were the veil which our High Priest passed through into the heaven of heavens, the immediate presence of God, just as the Levitical high priest passed through the veil into the Holy of Holies. The greatest gift a human being can be given is to hear this message, the Gospel Message, because around it our belief system is to be conformed. God has not left us to struggle on alone. The Sabbath as a symbol of the reality of spiritual rest has implications for the future, as well as for past and present salvation. The Word of God is always an issue in our lives. . . Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. cannot be touched with the feeling of--Greek, "cannot sympathize with our infirmities": our weaknesses, physical and moral (not sin, but liability to its assaults). Those who are unwilling to give the Lord faithful, earnest, loving service will not find spiritual rest in this life or in the life to come. Jesus said, "Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest" (Matt. Let us . God's rest is not a rest necessitated by fatigue, nor consisting in idleness, but is that upholding and governing of which creation was the beginning [ALFORD]. Hebrews 4. But in Heb. Just as man communes with God by faith and thereby obtains the rest, so it is in the realm of time that this communion finds its ultimate expression in the God-given symbol of the Sabbath.3 When our author introduces the concept of God's rest it is no coincidence that he makes a play on words by introducing the word sabbatismos. This epistle’s title bears the traditional Greek title, “To the Hebrews,” which was attested by at least in the second century A.D. The personal Word, to whom some refer the passage, is not here meant: for He is not the sword, but has the sword. . Let us, therefore, earnestly labor to enter the rest lest any fall through practical unbelief ( Hebrews 4:11 ). hold fast--the opposite of "let slip" ( Hebrews 2:1 ); and "fall away" ( Hebrews 6:6 ). 7. 8. Not that He has ceased to carry on the work of redemption, nay, He upholds it by His mediation; but He has ceased from those portions of the work which constitute the foundation; the sacrifice has been once for all accomplished. Jesus--the antitypical Joshua ( Hebrews 4:8 ). 4:9. some must enter--The denial of entrance to unbelievers is a virtual promise of entrance to those that believe. Hebrews 6:4-6 The last passage we will deal with is Hebrews 6:4-6. finished--Greek, "brought into existence," "made. While Hebrews as a whole is written to demonstrate Christ’s … Patterns of SDA Church Growth in North America. 3. ALFORD'S interpretation is clumsy, by which he makes the soul itself, and the spirit itself, to be divided, instead of the soul from the spirit: so also he makes not only the joints to be divided asunder, but the marrow also to be divided (?). quick--Greek, "living"; having living power, as "the rod of the mouth and the breath of the lips" of "the living God." AS the Greek for "thoughts" refers to the mind and feelings, so that for "intents," or rather "mental conceptions," refers to the intellect. IMPOSSIBLE! This argument also fails to consider adequately the total context or to account for the change from katapausis to sabatismos, a word possibly coined specifically for this occasion, and that possibly has as its root the Hebrew shabath ("sabbath"). Two other oldest manuscripts read, "Let us enter." without sin--Greek, "choris," "separate from sin" ( Hebrews 7:26 ). Faith, obedience, and ceasing from our works as God does from His gives us the key to unlock the meaning of the rest (sabbatismos) in Heb. THE PROMISE OF GOD'S REST IS FULLY REALIZED THROUGH CHRIST: LET US STRIVE TO OBTAIN IT BY HIM, OUR SYMPATHIZING HIGH PRIEST. "There re mains a sabbath rest (sabbatismos) for the people of God." Compare Matthew 26:38 , "watch with me": showing His desire in the days of His flesh for the sympathy of those whom He loved: so He now gives His suffering people His sympathy. . To declare that our privileges by Christ under the gospel exceed the privileges of the Jewish church under Moses, as a reason why we should make … Addressing Jews, he by the Spirit sanctions what was true in their current literature, as he similarly did in addressing Gentiles ( Acts 17:28 ). 4 Therefore, since the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us be careful that none of you be found to have fallen short of it. "Show, O man, shame and fear towards thy God, for no veil, no twisting, bending, coloring, or disguise, can cover unbelief" (Greek, 'disobedience,' Hebrews 4:11 ). Christians must not use or accept unsound arguments and faulty logic to support their faith. A foretaste of the rest Is given in the inward rest which the believer's soul has in Christ. —The SDA Bible Commentary, Ellen G. White Comments, on Heb. 4 Ellet Joseph Waggoner, "Studies in the Book of Hebrews," General Conference Bulletin, 1897, p. 301. Hebrews 4:4, κατέπαυσεν ὁ θεός, “God rested;” here, “caused them to rest,” “given them rest.” Beza, “in requiem collocasset;” Arias, “requiem praestitisset.” The word properly, and usually in other authors, signifies “finem imponere,” “cessare facere;” “to put an end,” or … 4 For it is impossible that the blood of bulls and goats should take away sins. The Son is characterized by a seven-fold description (verses 1-4), which is then buttressed by citations from Old Testament texts (verses 5-14). Compare Aaron, the type, bearing the names of the twelve tribes in the breastplate of judgment on his heart, when he entered into the holy place, for a memorial before the Lord continually ( Exodus 28:29 ). his rest--God's heavenly rest, of which Canaan is the type. sharper--"more cutting." A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Hebrews. In time there are many Sabbaths, but then there shall be the enjoyment and keeping of a Sabbath-rest: one perfect and eternal. Throughout Hebrews 3 and 4 the author refers to the rest of God (katapausis) as the goal to be entered. in his sight --in God's sight ( Hebrews 4:12 ). As the knife of the Levitical priest reached to dividing parts, closely united as the joints of the limbs, and penetrated to the innermost parts, as the marrows (the Greek is plural); so the word of God divides the closely joined parts of man's immaterial being, soul and spirit, and penetrates to the innermost parts of the spirit. This interpretation is not consistent with the con text, the language, or the main point of the author's argument. being left us--still remaining to us after the others have, by neglect, lost it. They are none other than His human “fellows” above whom He had been anointed with the oil of gladness (1:9). Neither Moses, nor even Joshua, could bring us into this rest, but Jesus, as our Forerunner, already spiritually, and hereafter in actual presence, body, soul, and spirit, brings His people into the heavenly rest. The word "seem" is a mitigating mode of expression, though not lessening the reality. Hearing alone is of as little value as undigested food in a bad stomach [THOLUCK]. For--the motive to "holding our profession" ( Hebrews 4:14 ), namely the sympathy and help we may expect from our High Priest. Hebrews 4:3, R.S.V., says, "For we who have believed enter that rest." What wonderful reassurance we have in Christ Jesus our Lord, for He is our Great High Priest, and heavenly Mediator. 4:9, R.S.V., he uses a different word for rest. 4:9, but is the God-given symbol and sample of that very rest of grace into which believers can enter in a special sense on the seventh day of every week. Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. Hebrews 1:1-4 introduces a contrast that is the central theme throughout Hebrews: the climactic revelation of God in Christ, surpassing every way that God spoke and worked prior to Christ’s coming. If the rest of God meant Canaan, God would not after their entrance into that land, have spoken (or speak [ALFORD]) of another (future) day of entering the rest. Neither does this interpretation take notice of the symbolism of Genesis 2. If the Greek "aneu" had been used, sin would have been regarded as the object absent from Christ the subject; but choris here implies that Christ, the subject, is regarded as separated from sin the object [TITTMANN]. Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated Sabbath-rest: one perfect and eternal have once appeared have. 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