As you may have noticed above, the rule for countries is: almost all countries that end in -e are considered to be feminine for grammatical purposes. You can opt-out at any time. Places ending in “S” … Most nouns ending in -eau or -eu add an -x in the plural. Most plural regions end in an S, but not all regions ending in an S are plural (le Adjectives ALWAYS have to agree in gender and number with the noun they describe. Venezuela, for example, (the small Venice) was introduced as a country name in the nineteenth century, therefore masculinized. Je m’appelle Kat et je viens de Canada. In this article, I’ll try to shed some light on the issue. Country Names in French Here is a list of all the countries in the world in English and their French equivalent. (feminine country) de France. Plural of the nouns and adjectives in French: Here is the video: and now the script: the main rule: you add an “s” at the end of the word. Il va aux Fidji. Je viens des États-Unis, j’habite en Espagne, mais je vais en France. 1. As you study geography in the French language, you will find it useful to learn how to speak about the countries and be able to use them in sentences. J’habite en France A paris This is a simple sentence, some part of which is often used when meeting people in international contexts, but which in French can sometimes seem complicated to English speakers because of the grammar rules regarding prepositions (in, to, from) and the confusion about how countries can be either masculine or feminine and some plural. What Are the French Names of Countries, Nationalities, and Languages? Pour seulment ameliorer ma langue.Ce fait bien…. (L’Asie, l’Amérique du Nord, l’Amérique du Sud, l’Afrique, l’Antarctique, l’Australie, l’Europe), Vous êtes d’où? Below is a list of virtually all of the countries in the world, organized alphabetically from English to French. French Prepositions for countries, cities, regions Think French Grammar Corner is brought to you by Camille Chevalier-Karfis. Many exceptions: 1- Some words are invariable: a-words ending in “s”, in “x”, in “z”: ... French Prepositions with Countries, Cities. le Mozambique Je ne peux pas attendre! Learning the French names for countries is relatively easy if you are already familiar with the name in English. The word you choose for the depends on whether the noun it is used with is masculine or feminine, singular or plural. There are some exceptions. As their name suggests, compound nouns (les noms composés) consist of two or more words usually connected by a hyphen. Bonjour içi All French nouns are either masculine or feminine and, just as in English, they can be either singular or plural. tout le monde.. or plural. Some countries are plural: Les États-Unis d’Amérique, les Seychelles, les Philippines, les îles Féroé, les Pays-Bas… These are named after the common noun –état (state), pays (country), île (island, isle)– and the countries in question are a set of various states, lands or islands, hence the use of the plural. Nationalities, languages, countries and regions - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Note that in French, countries, continents, regions and states are either feminine, masculine or plural. Then put the -la or -l' (if the name of the country begins with a vowel). 4. Tu es en Asie. Below is a list of countries with the appropriate nationality. In … Include the before countries (1) with plural names (the Philippines, the Maldives and the Netherlands); (2) with names containing a noun stating the kind of state (the Republic, the Democratic, the State(s), the Union, the Confederation, the Kingdom, the Commonwealth, the Principality). 3. (city) de Londres. How to form the plural (of nouns and adjectives) in French. Je suis au Togo. You will also need to know the gender of the country in order to use it in a preposition. We eat tacos in Mexico :) 6) When referring to a country that is plural, use aux Aux États-Unis, il y a beaucoup de problèmes. Countries in French are either masculine, feminine. Je m’appelle Charles et je viens de la ville de Philadelphie, mais maintenant j’habite en Utah. By Veronique Mazet . Plural in French. The plural of compound nouns in French. Some of the countries do not have a definite article because they are islands. Most French nouns form their plural by adding an -s to their singular form. country translate: pays, country, région, pays, pays, (de) campagne, région. Je suis Indonesienne, J’habite a jakarta Now, here’s a list of some countries in columns according to gender/plurality. The thing about nationalities, in French, is that since they’re adjectives (words that describe a person, place, or thing). The exceptions are: Tu es d'Asie. Learning the French names for countries is relatively easy if you are already familiar with the name in English. Countries is spelled the same, 'des pays'country (noun; singular) = le pay countries (noun; plural) = les pays Tu vas en Asie. The links beside the country names are for further information (Wikipedia) and to hear the pronunciation (Forvo). Create plural nouns in French by adding an s or x, or by substituting –aux for –al.Making French nouns plural, however, takes a different tack when it comes to family names and nouns that end in –s, –x, or –z. © 2021 Transparent Language, Inc. All Rights Reserved. (masculine country) du Portugal. I encourage all of you to answer these two questions in a comment…not only will you be able to practice your French, but it would be interesting to find out about the people who read this blog. le Zaïre if the country name is plural, such as the USA or the Netherlands, then use the plural form of au, which is aux if the country name is feminine, use en . For more details, see our Privacy Policy. Please check your inbox for your confirmation email. Merci beaucoup pour le leçon! In French grammar, here’s how you turn a singular noun into a plural noun: That means that this a very easy French lesson which students of any level can learn. je viens d’inde…. We want everyone to love learning language as much as we do, so we provide a large offering of free resources and social media communities to help you do just that! Masculine country: Feminine country: Plural country: Continent: Je vais au Togo. Bonjour! 1. Je vais avec mes amis dans une caravane aux États-Unis. 2. The following is a list of adjectival and demonymic forms of countries and nations in English and their demonymic equivalents.A country adjective describes something as being from that country, for example, "Italian cuisine" is "cuisine of Italy".A country demonym denotes the people or the inhabitants of or from there, for example, "Germans" are people of or from Germany. Elle va en Chine. How to know? In French, there is more than one definite article to choose from. Pourriait-on me donner la definition de la preopsition “au bord de” ? … Plural Country Countries Nationality Nationalities List of Countries, Nationalities and their Languages. Geographical names may be treated as singular even if they are plural in form, if they are regarded as representing a single entity such as a country: The United States is a country in North America (similarly with the Netherlands, the Philippines, Trinidad and Tobago, etc.) Some French nouns and adjectives have an irregular plural form. Most nouns ending in -ou take an -s in the plural, with a few exceptions. le Mexique Remember that you need to use a definite article (the "the," such as le or la) for countries. It means that when speaking about a specific country, let’s take France and Germany for example, you will need to say ” l’Allemagne ” but not “Allemagne” and “ la France ” and not just “France”. Je viens de Lima dans Région métropolitaine de Lima au Pérou. The words that make up a compound noun can be nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs or prepositions.It’s not always easy to form the plural of these nouns, but the following rules can help: In general, the French nouns form the plural by adding an '-s' to the singular: un cahier / des cahiers (a notebook / notebooks) You will find below the exceptions to this rule: African countries being often relatively young (20th century) they are, by consequence, masculine. Gender of Nouns in French + Singular and Plural Forms Buy French Language Tutorial as an e-book! This includes all the continents ( Europe, Afrique, Amérique, Asie, Océanie, Antarctique ). Words ending with -al or -ail: Un chev al (a horse) des chev aux Un repas amic al (a friendly meal) des repas amic aux (masculine) With adjectives like “amical” the plural … En, dans = In, to with regions, states, counties (prepositions) We know that regions, states or counties have genders in French, see Continents, countries, regions & states are masculine, feminine or plural (gender). plural translation in English - French Reverso dictionary, see also 'first person plural',pluralism',pluralist',plutocrat', examples, definition, conjugation That means that this a very easy French lesson which students of any level can learn. le Cambodge Since this is quite a long article, I’ll start with a short recap of the French prepositions of place rules.Here are the general rules to say your are in a place, or going to a place in French. (plural country) des États-Unis. Build vocabulary, practice pronunciation, and more with Transparent Language Online. Merci . In English, nouns are usually marked as being plural by adding -s or -es: one book, two books; this blue box, these blue boxes.Notice that in English, adjectives like blue don't change between singular and plural. bonjour! F = Feminine M = Masculine Most countries that end in the letter E are feminine in French. 4) When referring to a masculine country which starts with a vowel, use en Il est en Iran. Vous habitez où? Je viens d’Australie, j’habite en Afghanistan et je vais en Argentine. France (plural Frances) The French Republic, a country in western Europe and member state of the European Union (since 1993), having Paris as its capital city, bounded by Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra and Spain. (I’m from the United States, I live in Spain but, I’m going to France.) In fact, all continents end in -e and are considered to be feminine for grammatical purposes. Places ending in any other vowel = masculine = use “au”Je vais au Canada, je suis au Congo. Nearly all countries that end in -e are feminine, and the rest are masculine. Plural forms are forms that refer to "more than one" of something. Available anytime, anywhere, on any device. Places ending in “E” = feminine = use “en”Je suis en France. Camille has been ... 1 - Plural names A few names of regions are plural. If the singular noun ends in -s,-x or -z, no further-s is added in the plural. (Where are you from?) Transparent Language is a leading provider of best-practice language learning software for consumers, government agencies, educational institutions, and businesses. (city that begins with a vowel) d’Amsterdam. Bonjour tout le monde! Part of French Grammar For Dummies Cheat Sheet . Je suis éléctricien, mais j’aime beaucoup étudier les langues, telles comme l’espagnol, le français et l’arabe. Note that while we always use to in English for these places, in French we use different prepositions for one or the other. Thank you! Salut, mes amies! There are just a few exceptions: In those cases and for countries that use l' as the definitive article, the gender is indicated next to the name. a country is translated 'un pays' (masc.) Il est des Fidji. Année dernière, ma famille et moi sommes allés de Brisbane dans le Queensland en Australie. Learn more in the Cambridge English-French Dictionary. French Language – Prepositions + Countries/Cities. Je suis du Togo. The 3rd lesson is about the plural in French and how to create it from the singular form. That’s why even some “a” countries are masculine: their name was recently adopted in French. He’s in Iran. Elle est en Chine. Il est aux Fidji. This article explains how to use the plural in French. In most instances, the translation is as simple as attaching something like -ique or -ie to the end of the name. Places ending in a consonant = masculine = use “au”Je vais au Japon. For example : La France, l'Italie, la Slovaquie, l'Algérie, la Syrie. When evoking the names of countries in French, you will usually use a definite French masculine, feminine or plural article (le / la / les) to go with it. in French. To say that you are going ‘to’ a country or that you live ‘in’ a country, use the following prepositions . you need to learn them but the list is not big. Now, here’s a list of some countries in columns according to … Bonjour! le Zimbabwe, The same rules for countries apply to continents. How to Say All 50 Us States in French (And Why We Should Care), Masculine and Feminine French Nouns ~ Noms, Canadian Provinces and Territories Translated to French, How and When to Use French Possessive Pronouns, It's 'Ces Filles' in French, Not 'Cettes', Prepositions: Small and Mighty Words That Drive French Sentences, Learn to Use the French Word 'Tout' and Its Variations, The French Calendar: Speaking of Days, Weeks, Months and Seasons. 5) When referring to a masculine country which starts with a consonant, use au On mange des tacos au Mexique. What French Prepositions Go With Countries and Continents? Articles are normally not used with islands. French Language Tutorial includes more than 200 pages of grammar and vocabulary topics, sample sentences, informal ways of speaking, cultural information about France, and an overview of French … Je m’appelle Joshua je viens du Kenya.je vous aime beaucoup. M ’ appelle Charles et je vais avec mes amis dans une caravane États-Unis... 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