A good example of this is the question of whether SAT or ACT scores predict performance in undergrad or whether scores on the GRE, LSAT, MCAT, etc. Concurrent Validity vs Convergent Validity. I know that convergent validity is a type of construct validity, and concurrent is a type of criterion validity, but I'm not sure of the exact difference. Results. For example, a collective intelligence test … Convergent validity is one of the topics related to construct validity (Gregory, 2007). Find out more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. Is there anyone that could explain it and provide some examples?? Both convergent and concurrent validity are ways of assessing construct validity by examining the strength of the relationship between the scores from two different measurement procedures. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the psychologystudents community, Continue browsing in r/psychologystudents. Lifestyle issues including physical activity, diet, smoking, alcohol consumption, and self-reported stress have all been shown to predispose people to higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Concurrent would be where your scale (say measuring extraversion) positively correlates with other scales measuring extraversion or socialness (a related measure). This can be scores on one scale predicting scores on another, but it doesn't have to be a scale itself. None of the differences in convergent and concurrent validity between the BBS and DGI were significant. The main purposes of predictive validity and concurrent validity are different. Sorry if this isn't the right place to post this but I can't think of any other subreddit Convergent validity, a parameter often used in sociology, psychology, and other behavioral sciences, refers to the degree to which two measures of constructs that theoretically should be related, are in fact related. Convergent would be where your scale negatively correlates with introversion measures or other related constructs like how outgoing someone is. An example of this would be some kind of self-report depression measure that allows you separate people based on the type of mood disorder they actually have, e.g., MDD, dysthymia, Bipolar. Criterion validity A measurement technique has criterion validity if its results are closely related to those given by Practically, measures may have some time difference between them. Graduate students and professionals are recommended for our sister sub, r/academicpsychology. Criterion validity evaluates how closely the results of your test correspond to the … Convergent validity A type of validity that is determined by hypothesizing and examining the overlap between two or more tests that presumably measure the same construct. the degree of communication between two measurements at the same time, primarily the investigation of one exam's validity by comparing its outcomes with another correlated exam at the same time. You're thinking of divergent or discriminant validity here. Sometimes just finding out more about the construct (which itself must be valid) can be helpful. Some other types of validity are: Composite, Concurrent, Convergent, Consequential, Curricular and Instructional, Ecological, External, Face, Formative validity & Summative Validity, Incremental Validity, Internal, Predictive, Sampling, and Statistical Conclusion Validity. You're thinking of convergent validity here. It's simply about correlation and association. The two measures may be for the same construct or closely-related constructs. This a place for psychology students to discuss study methods, get homework help, get job search advice, and what ever else comes to mind. I'm studying for a psych research final right now, and I've been trying to understand and differentiate Concurrent Validity and Convergent Validity! I'm studying for a psych research final right now, and I've been trying to understand and differentiate Concurrent Validity and Convergent Validity! The concepts of reliability, validity and utility are explored and explained. In the validity diagonal should be sig-nificantly different from zero and sufficiently large to encourage further examination of validity. Validity contains the concepts of content, face, criterion, concurrent, predictive, construct, convergent (and divergent), factorial and discriminant. Validity Convergent/Concurrent. We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. This sub is aimed at those at the beginner to intermediate level, generally in or around undergraduate studies. Constructvalidity occurs when the theoretical constructs of cause and effect accurately represent the real-world situations they are intended to model. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Reliability contains the concepts of internal consistency and stability and equivalence. For example, the extraversion scale you suggested, if it positively correlates with other scales measuring extraversion (or a related measure) then can it be immediately assumed it also has convergent validity? Discriminant validity (or divergent validity) tests that constructs that should have no … However, whilst concurrent validity compared a new measurement procedure with a well-established measurement procedure, both measurement procedures are new when testing for convergent validity. In the figure below, we see four measures (each is an item on a scale) that all purport to reflect the construct of self esteem. E.g., scores on a written portion of the exam for board certification might predict the scores on the oral exam or case conceptualization given during the same exam. Conclusions. As the name suggests, concurrent validity relies upon tests that took place at the same time. This study provides further psychometrics on the Simple Lifestyle Indicator Questionnaire (SLIQ), a short, easy-to-use instrument which measures all these lifestyle characteristics as a single construct. If the scores for each employee on both tests are closely related, then the new scale is said to have high concurrent validity." Divergent Validity – When two opposite questions reveal opposite results. Convergent validity refers to the observation of strong correlations between two tests that are assumed to measure the same construct. Criterion validity. To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'I agree', or select 'Manage settings' for more information and to manage your choices. Concurrent validity, often phrased as "concurrent criterion validity," is more about prediction, though this can be prediction on another test. Information about your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps. Contrasted groups. The concurrent validities between the test and other measures of the same domain are correlational measures of convergent validity. Convergent validity tests that constructs that are expected to be related are, in fact, related. Concurrent validity’s main use is to find tests that can substitute other procedures that are less convenient for various reasons. On the bottom part of the figure (Observation) w… I think I get it. In other words, convergent validity is used to evaluate the degree to which two or more measures that theoretically should be related to each other are, in fact, observed to be related to each other. Concurrent validity showed that the NAT (AUC 0.809–1.000) and the a- and i-ADL tools (AUC 0.739–0.964) presented comparable discriminatory accuracy (p = 0.0588). This is not to be confused with discriminative validity, which is the degree to which scores on a given test allow you to identify and discriminate between subjects who actually are part of different group. Ah okay!! Concurrent validity is about one thing predicting another thing measured at the same time. This is where your measure predicts some outcome in the future. Concurrent validity focuses on the extent to which scores on a new measure are related to scores from a criterion measure administered at the same time, whereas predictive validity uses the scores from the new measure to predict performance on a criterion measure administered at a later time. Testing for this type of validity requires that you essentially ask your sample similar questions that are designed to provide you with expected answers. It says '… We theorize that all four items reflect the idea of self esteem (this is why I labeled the top part of the figure Theory). However, the DGI⁻physical functioning score did not have a statistically significant correlation within PDDS ≤ 2. What's important to note is that the core component of forms of criterion validity are theri temporal relationships. Convergent validity states that tests having the same or similar constructs should be highly correlated. A good experiment turns the theory (constructs) into actual things you can measure. In convergent validity, we examine the degree to which the operationalization is similar to (converges on) other operationalizations that it theoretically should be similar to. ). You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. What does CONCURRENT VALIDITY mean? This re-quirement is evidence of convergent validity. Convergent validity is about the degree to which two measures, supposedly of the same construct, correlate. Construct validity is thus an assessment of the quality of an instrument or experimental design. Convergent validity is a subcategory of construct validity. To establish convergent validity, you need to show that measures that should be related are in reality related. Concurrent validity is a type of criterion-related validity which determines the correlation of a measure with another previously validated measure. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is CONCURRENT VALIDITY? Yahoo is part of Verizon Media. The BBS⁻SF-36 physical functioning correlation was at least moderate and significant overall and across both PDDS strata. There are two forms of criterion-related validity: predictive validity and concurrent validity. These are discussed in detail in the Predictive validity section below. The form of criterion validity is predictive validity. The term ‘concurrent’ suggests that the two measures should ideally be taken at the same time. Convergent Validity – When two similar questions reveal the same result. The only Convergent/ Concurrent validity findings available for the ILP must be derived from regression analyses conducted by Pulford and Sohal (2006). Convergent validity applies greatly in medicine, education, psychology, and social science. To demonstrate convergent validity, the authors also developed a communal overclaiming measure based on the technique previously developed to measure agentic self-enhancement (Paulhus, Harms, Bruce, & Lysy, 2003). • Content Validity -- inspection of items for “proper domain” • Construct Validity -- correlation and factor analyses to check on discriminant validity of the measure • Criterion-related Validity -- predictive, concurrent and/or postdictive Convergent Validity. predict performance in grad school, law school, med school, etc. CONCURRENT VALIDITY : "Concurrent validity is mandated in many experimental processes." include concurrent validity, construct validity, content validity, convergent validity, criterion validity, discriminant validity, divergent validity, face validity, and predictive validity. Another way of measuring convergent validity is to look at the differences in test scores between groups of people who would be expected to score differently on the test. Two methods are often applied to test convergent validity. Convergent validity tests that constructs that are expected to be related are, in fact, related. And this for convergent validity: "Convergent validity refers to the degree to which scores on a test correlate with (or are related to) scores on other tests that are designed to assess the same construct. Concurrent vs. Predictive Validity Concurrent validity is one of the two types of criterion-related validity . Criterion validity (concurrent and predictive validity) There are many occasions when you might choose to use a well-established measurement procedure (e.g., a 42-item survey on depression) as the basis to create a new measurement procedure (e.g., a 19-item survey on depression) to measure the construct you are interested in (e.g., depression, sleep quality, employee commitment, etc. Concurrent validity differs from convergent validity in that it focuses on the power of the focal test to predict outcomes on another test or some outcome variable. Since one positively correlates and one negatively correlates can we assume if one type of validity is present then so is the other, vice versa? Sorry if this isn't the right place to post this but I can't think of any other subreddit. This type of validity goes hand-in-hand with discriminant validity to create perfect construct validity. Is there anyone that could explain it and provide some examples?? No research methods! Press J to jump to the feed. Second, a validity diagonal value should be higher than the val-ues lying in its column and row in the heterotrait-heteromethod triangles. For instance, Item 1 might be the statement “I feel good about myself” rated using a 1-to-5 Likert-type response format. One hundred and ninety-three individuals from St. John’s, Newfoundland, and Labrador, Canada completed the SLIQ and r… C onvergent validity and discriminant validity are commonly regarded as ways to assess the construct validity of a measurement procedure (Campbell & Fiske, 1959). Validity Convergent/Concurrent. This is related to how well the experiment is operationalized. Construct Validity: Convergent vs. Discriminant. Discriminant validity tests whether believed unrelated constructs are, in fact, unrelated. Convergent validity showed moderate to strong significant correlations between the NAT, and a- and i-ADL tools (range −0.583 to −0.663; p < 0.01). 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